Skin Barrier Reinforcement: Ceramide is a compound that is naturally produced within the skin, and serves to help keep moisture within the body itself by preventing evaporation. As we age, however, the level of ceramide produced and used by the body decreases over time. Studies have shown that usage of topical ceramides commonly found in over-the-counter moisturizers and other skincare products can help reinforce and bolster the skin’s ability to retain moisture.
Moisturization: Ceramide by itself may not provide high levels of moisturization, but when effectively combined with other ingredients that do have a focus on hydrating skin, proves to be a powerful combination in order to combat dry skin and the signs of damage that come with it (such as fine lines, wrinkles, and dullness). There isn’t one ‘ideal’ ingredient for this, since its dependent on each individual’s unique skin type, but some common ingredients may include retinol, niacinamide, peptides, and AHA/BHA.
Calming: As this entire listing of Ceramide points to maintaining hydration, doing so effectively can have a calming and soothing effect on one’s skin. Certain conditions such as dermatitis and psoriasis may be more potent due to low levels of ceramide present in the affected areas of the skin, causing higher levels of moisture to leave those spots, worsening irritation and other negative effects. Using creams and moisturizers with ceramide may potentially help with these cases. Be sure to contact a doctor or dermatologist first before trying to treat any conditions yourself to ensure that it is the right option for you.